- Nutrition Care
- Why Use Vitamins
- Professor Ian E Brighthope
- Beyond Scurvy
- Skin Care
- Chirally Correct
- Sun Protection
- Mineral Make-up
- Gift Certificates
At Vie Institute our promise to you is to offer you the very best and most effective treatments in surgical and non -surgical modalities. Dr McGovern is not only an excellent and highly regarded surgeon but he also spends time researching the best available products for our skin and the best supplements for our health. This research is ongoing and supports their view of a holistic approach to health and longevity.
For years we have known the benefit of topically applied Vitamins A, B and C, alpha-hydroxy acids and anti-oxidants. The secret here is to choose medical grade products which are only available through medical practitioners. Over the counter products are not bad for you, but simply are not strong enough to have much benefit, which in turn means visible result. Think about your skin, do you really notice a difference when you change products? Regardless of how much money you’ve spent and the promises they give? Medical grade products deliver because they actually impact on the nucleus of each cell, repairing damaged DNA and protecting against future free radicals.
More and more people are realizing that we have to think holistically about our health, and this includes the health of our skin. Supplements such as Resveratrol, Co-Enzyme Q10, High potency anti inflammatory anti oxidants and vitamins and minerals have been added to our “must have” list if we want our skin to be truly healthy.
We also know that protecting our skin is the most important thing we can do to keep it looking great and to minimize the visible signs of ageing. We have researched to find the best physical block sunscreens to protect you. We also recommend daily use of mineral make up with sun protection 25 SPF (the maximum the Australian government will allow a mineral makeup to be labelled) for added protection from UVA and UVB damage. There are so many products out there – how do you choose? Leave the hard work to us, we do the research and the comparisons and offer only the very best, and the best value for money.
We are fabulous problem solvers and have found answers to most of our most commonly asked questions. For those with problematic (red or raised) scars we can offer a topically applied silicone cream called Dermatix. Our philosophy is to always try a non-surgical method before surgery.
Our surgeons look for scientific validation of each and every product that we recommend. You can feel safe knowing that every product we recommend has been thoroughly researched and will offer you the safest, most effective results. We offer free consultations to talk about the health of your skin and the sort of changes you would like to make to slow the clock down and keep you and your skin looking fabulous for years to come!
We also realise that getting to our practice can be difficult as everyone is so time poor these days. For your convenience you can call us to re-order products and we can send these to you, or you can use the shopping cart on our website
Nutrition Care is an Australian owned source for exceptional nutritional supplements, formulated by doctors for doctors. It is only available through health practitioners such as naturopaths and doctors. The illustrious Professor Ian Brighthope has been formulating these supplements for over 25 years.
Professor Brighthope is the President of the Australian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine, the pre-eminent national organization for doctors concerned with holistic medicine and nutrition. He was one of the founding Directors of the Orthomolecular Medicine Association of Australia in 1980 and has been the Secretary of that organization since its inception. He is also on 8 other boards involved in Nutritional Medicine and was awarded the Lady Cilento Award in 2001 in recognition of exceptional contribution over many years to the advancement and professionalism of the health and nutrition industry.
Professor Brighthope has published extensively and has appeared regularly in the media as an advocate of natural health. He is the author of 5 books and many scientific articles and reviews. His books have been endorsed by Linus Pauling – the only person to have ever been awarded two unshared Nobel Prizes.
Professor Brighthope now specializes in Nutritional and Environmental Medicine with particular interests in cancer patient care, heart disease, pain, psychiatric disorders related to food and chemicals, chronic fatigue syndrome, arthritis, asthma, food and chemical sensitivities, auto – immune diseases and diabetes. Nutrition Care range of supplements includes at least 82 different products, and is continually being refined and improved. Their head office and factory is in Keysbrough, Melbourne and is open for inspection by appointment.
24 Good Reasons Why You May Need Nutritional Supplements
Many people believe that eating a well balanced diet provides all the vitamins and minerals necessary for good health. In ideal circumstances, this is the case, but in reality there are many reasons why you may need vitamin supplements to cope with living in the twentieth century environment. Taking vitamins when required is a safe method of optimising your dietary sources of nutrients, providing you follow the instructions on product labels.
1. Poor Digestion
Even when your food intake is good, inefficient digestion can limit your body’s uptake of vitamins. Some common causes of inefficient digestion are not chewing well enough and eating too fast. Both of these result in larger than normal food particle size, too large to allow complete action of digestive enzymes. Many people with dentures are unable to chew as efficiently as those with a full set of original teeth.
2. Hot Coffee, Tea and Spices
Habitual drinking of liquids that are too hot, or consuming an excess of irritants such as coffee, tea or pickles and spices can cause inflammation of the digestive linings, resulting in a drop in secretion of digestive fluids and poorer extraction of vitamins and minerals from food.
Drinking too much alcohol is known to damage the liver and pancreas, which are vital to digestion and metabolism. It can also damage the lining of the intestinal tract and adversely affect the absorption of nutrients, leading to sub-clinical malnutrition. Regular heavy use of alcohol increases the body’s need for the B-group vitamins, particularly thiamine, niacin, pyridoxine, folic acid and vitamins B12 and C as well as the minerals zinc, magnesium and calcium. Alcohol affects availability, absorption and metabolism of nutrients.
Smoking too much tobacco is also an irritant to the digestive tract and increases the metabolic requirements of Vitamin C, all else being equal, by at least 30 per cent more than the typical requirements of a non-smoker. Vitamin C, which is normally present in such foods as paw paws, oranges and capsicums, oxidises rapidly once these fruits are cut, juiced, cooked or stored in direct light or near heat. Vitamin C is important for good immune function.
Overuse of laxatives can result in poor absorption of vitamins and minerals from food, by hastening the intestinal transit time. Paraffin and other mineral oils increase losses of fat soluble vitamins A, D, E and K. Other laxatives used to excess can cause large losses of minerals such as potassium, sodium and magnesium.
6. Fad Diets
Bizarre diets that miss out on whole groups of foods can be seriously lacking in vitamins. Even the popular low fat diets, if taken to an extreme, can be deficient in vitamins A, D and E. Vegetarian diets, which exclude meat and other animal sources, must be very skilfully planned to avoid vitamin B12 deficiency, which may lead to anaemia.
Lengthy cooking or reheating of meat and vegetables can oxidise and destroy heat susceptible vitamins such as the B-group, C and E. Boiling vegetables leaches the water soluble vitamins B-group and C as well as many minerals. Light steaming is preferable. Some vitamins, such as vitamin B6 can be destroyed by irradiation from microwaves.
8. Food Storage
Freezing food containing vitamin E can significantly reduce its levels once defrosted. Foods containing vitamin E exposed to heat and air can turn rancid
. Many common sources of vitamin E, such as bread and oils are nowadays highly processed, so that the vitamin E content is significantly reduced or missing totally, which increases storage life but can lower nutrient levels. Vitamin E is an antioxidant which defensively inhibits oxidative damage to all tissues. Other vitamin losses from food preserving can include vitamin B1 and C.
9. Convenience Foods
A diet overly dependent on highly refined carbohydrates, such as sugar, white flour and white rice places greater demand on additional sources of B-group vitamins to process these carbohydrates. An unbalanced diet contributes to such conditions as irritability, lethargy and sleep disorders.
Some antibiotics although valuable in fighting infection, also kill off friendly bacteria in the gut, which would normally be producing B-group vitamins to be absorbed through the intestinal walls. Such deficiencies can result in a variety of nervous conditions, therefore it may be advisable to supplement with B-group vitamins when on a lengthy course of broad-spectrum antibiotics, and/or use pure Lactobacillus powders.
11. Food Allergies
The omission of whole food groups from the diet, as in the case of individuals allergic to gluten or lactose, can mean the loss of significant dietary sources of nutrients such as thiamine, riboflavin or calcium.
12. Crop Nutrient Losses
Some agricultural soils are deficient in trace elements. Decades of intensive agriculture can overwork and deplete soils, unless all the soil nutrients, including trace elements, are regularly replaced. In one US Government survey, levels of essential minerals in crops were found to have declined by up to 68 per cent over a four-year period in the 1970s.
13. Accidents and Illnesses
Burns lead to a loss of protein and essential trace nutrients such as vitamins and minerals. Surgery increases the need for zinc, vitamin E and other nutrients involved in the cellular repair mechanism. The repair of broken bones will be retarded by an inadequate supply of calcium and vitamin C and conversely enhanced by a full dietary supply. The challenge of infection places high demand on the nutritional resources of zinc, magnesium and vitamins B5 and B6 .
Chemical, physical and emotional stresses can increase the body’s requirements for vitamins B2, B5, B6 and C. Air pollution increases the requirements for Vitamin E.
Research has demonstrated that up to 60 per cent of women suffering from symptoms of premenstrual tension, such as headaches, irritability, bloatedness, breast tenderness, lethargy and depression can benefit from supplementation with Vitamin B6.
Rapid growth spurts such as in the teenage years, particularly in girls, place high demands on nutritional resources to underwrite the accelerated physical, biochemical and emotional development in this age group. Data from the USA Ten State Nutritional Survey (in 1968-70 covering a total of 24,000 families and 86,000 individuals) showed that between 30 to 50 per cent of adolescents aged 12 to 16 had dietary intakes below two-thirds of the recommended daily averages for Vitamin A, C, calcium and iron.
17. Pregnant Women
Pregnancy creates higher than average demands for nutrients, to ensure healthy growth of the baby and comfortable confinement for the mother. Nutrients which typically require increase during pregnancy are the B-group, especially B1, B2, B3, B6, folic acid and B12, A, D, E and the minerals calcium, iron, magnesium, zinc and phosphorous. The Ten State Nutrition Survey in the USA in 1968-70 showed that as many as 80 per cent of the pregnant women surveyed had dietary intakes below two thirds o
f recommended daily allowances. Professional assessment of nutrient requirements during pregnancy should be sought.
18. Oral Contraceptives
Oral contraceptives can decrease absorption of folic acid and increase the need for vitamin B6, and possibly vitamin C, zinc and riboflavin. Approximately 22 per cent of Australian women aged 15 to 44 are believed to be on “the pill” at any one time.
19. Light Eaters
Some people eat very sparingly, even without weight reduction goals. U.S. dietary surveys have shown that an average woman maintains her weight on 7560 kilojoules per day, at which level her diet is likely to be low in thiamine, calcium and iron.
20. The Elderly
The aged have been shown to have a low intake of vitamins and minerals, particularly iron, calcium and zinc. Folic acid deficiency is often found, in conjunction with vitamin C deficiency. Fibre intake is often low. Riboflavin (B2) and pyridoxine (B6) deficiencies have also been observed. Possible causes include impaired sense of taste and smell, reduced secretion of digestive enzymes, chronic disease and maybe, physical impairment.
21. Lack of Sunlight
Invalids, shift workers and people whose exposure to sunlight may be minimal can suffer from insufficient amounts of vitamin D which is required for calcium metabolism, without which rickets and osteoporosis (bone thinning) has been observed. Ultraviolet light is the stimulus to vitamin D formation in skin. It is blocked by cloud, fog, smog, ordinary window glass, curtains and clothing. The maximum recommended daily supplemental intake of vitamin D is 400 IU.
Wide fluctuations in individual nutrient requirements from the official recommended average vitamin and mineral intakes are common, particularly for those in high physical demand vocations, such as athletes and manual labour, taking into account body weight and physical type. Protein intake influences the need for vit
amin B6 and vitamin B1 is linked to kilojoule intake.
23. Low Body Reserves
Although the body is able to store reserves of certain vitamins such as A and E, Canadian autopsy data has shown that up to thirty per cent of the population have reserves of vitamin A so low as to be judged “at risk”. Vitamin A is important to healthy skin and mucous membranes (including the sinus and lungs) and eyesight.
Athletes consume large amounts of food and experience considerable stress. These factors affect their needs for B-group vitamins, vitamin C and iron in particular. Tests on Australian Olympic athletes and A-grade football players, for example, have shown wide-ranging vitamin deficiencies.
Professor Ian Brighthope graduated in Agricultural Science in 1965. For the next three years he was involved in teaching and research. His research interests were in the fields of agriculture and veterinary nutrition, including the nutritional health of cattle, horses, sheep, dogs, pigs and poultry. His involvement in the design and implementation of field trials provided him with a deep respect for scientific methods, its strengths and its weaknesses. He was a Foundation Member of Agricultural Technologists of Australia, now renamed The Australian Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology.
In 1969 he entered medical school at the University of New South Wales and following three pre-clinical years, completed his clinical Studies at Monash University in Victoria. After completing his residency and a year of general medicine and anaesthetic practice, he traveled widely throughout Europe and North America searching for solutions to the problems created by the significant gaps he recognized in the normal medical training of doctors. This educational travel included a six month appointment as a ship surgeon with travel to many parts of the world. This travel and educational process to learn about all forms of medicine and healing has continued throughout his career. His interest in the implications of human nutrition in health and disease commenced in his undergraduate training as a doctor and has continued to develop throughout his career.
It was in the fields of plant and animal nutrition that Professor Brighthope became aware of the importance of optimum nutrition and the use of nutritional and biochemical supplementation in animal production, the treatment of animal dysfunction and the potential of this approach in the prevention and treatment of human disease. Also, the addition of agricultural and food processing chemicals to the food chain concerned him and this resulted in his investigating their harmful effects on the human nervous , immune and endocrine systems. Neglect of these areas of human care prompted him to adopt the nutritional approach in his medical practice, which was the first of its kind in Australia.
The Brighthope Clinic and Biocentre which developed in his medical clinic now specializes in Nutritional and Environmental Medicine with particular interests in cancer patient care, heart disease, psychiatric disorders related to foods and chemicals, the chronic fatigue syndrome, arthritis, asthma, food and chemical sensitivities, auto-immune diseases and diabetes.
The antioxidant and intravenous Vitamin C clinic under his management was the first of its kind in Australia. It has treated patients from all walks of life from all over the world. The Brighthope Clinic was the first Integrative Medicine Clinic in Australia in which modalities such as herbal medicine, homeopathy, acupuncture, chiropractic, intravenous nutritional therapies and others were integrated with mainstream and hospital medicine in the 1970′s. In the early 1980′s, he coined the term â€˜Integrative Medicine’, which was initially registered as a business and publishing house. Chelation therapy was started in the 1980′s and continues to be of great clinical value to patients with cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and many other disorders. It was the first Chelation Centre in Australia in which wholistic detoxification programs were instituted. The approach to the manage
ment of many diseases in his centres is unique.
Professor Brighthope pioneered the first post-graduate medical course in nutrition in Australia and remains on the faculty as one of its principle lecturers. He initiated the ACNEM fellowship program and examinations and plays a pivotal role in maintaining ACNEM as the peak body in Nutritional and Environmental Medicine in Australia. A quality assurance and continuing medical education program is an integral part of the qualifying fellowship program. Professor Brighthope also initiated the formation of the Graduate School of Integrative Medicine at Swinburne University, and is an adjunct Professor with Professorial rights and privileges of a full professor at the University.
Professor Brighthope has published extensively and has appeared regularly in the media as an advocate of natural health. He is the author of five books and many scientific articles and reviews. His books have been endorsed by Linus Pauling – the only person to have ever been awarded two unshared Nobel Prizes. Professor Brighthope is also listed in the International Authors and Writers “Who’s Who”.
He has a very busy lecturing schedule to health professionals in Australia and Internationally. In addition, Professor Brighthope also consults for the manufacturing industry in nutrition and micronutrient supplementation, and supervises and consults for various health resorts and specialist clinics, preventive medicine programs and sporting concerns. He and his companies have initiated and/or sponsored many major events in Natural Medicine in Australia for more than 20 years, including international and national conferences and University based research. The research programs have included the study of Vitamin E in Cancer, the Risk Factors in Breast Cancer, the attitudes of Medical Practitioners to Complementary Therapies and the Antioxidant Activity of Polyphenols in Grapeseeds. Research in into the benefits of probiotics continues as a result of Professor Brighthope’s interests in this area.
President and a Founding Director of The Australasian College of Nutritional & Environmental Medicine, an organization of doctors concerned with the dissemination of unbiased information on Nutrition to the medical profession.
Chairman and a Founding Director of The Australian College of Herbal Medicine.
Founding Director and Board Member of OMAA.
Founder and Past Director of The Graduate School of Integrative Medicine (A joint venture between ACNEM, Swinburne University and AIMA).
Managing Director of Nutrition Care Pharmaceuticals Pty Ltd
Managing Director of Nutrisearch Australia Pty Ltd
Managing Director of Biocentres (Australia) Pty Ltd
Past President of the Complementary Healthcare Council of Australia (The peak body representing the Complementary Health Products Industry).
Editor of The Journal of The Australasian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine.
Member of the International Advisory Board of the Journal of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine (UK).
Member of the International Advisory Board of the Journal of Complementary Therapies in Medicine.
Member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Complementary Medicine.
Nutritional Medicine – Australian Family Physician 1991.
Vitamin C and Immune Nutrients – Bio Publishing 1985 (Book).
The AIDS Fighters – Keats Publishing 1986 (Book).
Sleep Soundly Every Night Without Drugs – Bay Books 1988 (Book).
A Recipe For Health – McCulloch 1989 (Book).
Fighting Fatigue – The Chronic Fatigue Syndrome – Allen & Unwin 1990 (Book).
Lecture Notes on Nutritional Medicine – ACNEM Manual
Papers and Reviews on Nutritional Influences inL:
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Listed in the International Authors and Writers “Who’s Who”.
The Lady Cilento Award – In recognition of exceptional contribution over many years to the advancement and professionalism of the Health and Nutrition Industry in Australia, 2001.
Fellow of The Australasian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine
Fellow of the Australian Society for Environmental Medicine
Fellow of the International College of Applied Nutrition
Faculty Member of the Australian College of Herbal Medicine
Member of the Australian Institute for Agricultural Science and Technology
Member of the Biological Farmers Association of Australia
Patron of the New Zealand Health Forum.
Throughout human history, deadly outbreaks of scurvy have often befallen cities emerging from long winters, armies living on limited rations and mariners confined to sea for extended journeys. Scurvy’s grisly symptoms and frequent occurrence made the isolation of ascorbic acid, the dietary substance that prevents and cures this terrible disease, one of history’s greatest medical discoveries.
In 1928, Dr Albert Szent-Gyorgi isolated vitamin C from adrenal tissue, orange and cabbage, and called it hexuronic acid. In one of the most controversial research races of the century, Dr C Glenn King at the University of Pittsburgh simultaneously isolated the compound from lemons, realized his compound was identical to Szent-Gyorgi’s, identified it as responsible for preventing and scuring scurvy in guinea pigs, and labeled it vitamin C. Vitamin C’s correct chemical composition, C6H806 was soon discovered and its accepted name became ascorbic acid.
Because of the drama of this discovery, research surrounding vitamin C for the first few decades after its discovery understandably focused on its relat
ionship to scurvy. Ascorbic acid facilitates many of the body’s metabolic processes as a nutritional cofactor. It can be easily oxidized (losing two hydrogen atoms to become dehydroascorbic acid) and then converted back to its original form.
This ability to lose and take on hydrogen gives ascorbic acid an essential role in metabolism, particularly in the formation of the amino acid hydroxyproline, which is used by the body to produce the connective tissue protein, collagen.
Collagen is the cement which binds animal tissue together. Without a constant supply of ascorbic acid, joint and connective tissue weaken and the total symptoms of scurvy appear1.
Vitamin C, therefore, is necessary for the proper healing of wounds, bruises, fractures and capillary damage, and for the formation of bones, teeth and cartilage. It is also necessary for the production of numerous brain chemicals and the adrenal hormones noradrenaline and hydrocortisone and is an essential part of the metabolism of amino acids, cholesterol and steroid hormones such as oestrogen1.
Recent research shows vitamin C is involved in more than the prevention of a deficiency disease. Many researchers now recognize that the absence of scurvy is not equivalent to the presence of optimal Vitamin C nutritional status. Vitamin C is anti-viral and anti-bacterial; it helps maintain a strong immune system, normalizes blood cholesterol, prevents periodontal disease, colds and influenza. Intakes of vitamin C far above those required to prevent scurvy are required for such benefits1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9.
Besides helping to maintain good health, vitamin C, in higher than preventative doses, may help cure many chronic diseases. Championed by such eminent researchers as Drs Stone, Klenner, Pauling, Cameron and Levine, the therapeutic potential of vitamin C is controversial and is not universally accepted by the medical community. But the therapeutic potential of vitamin C is one of the most exciting areas of nutrition research today.
The Benefits Of Ascorbate
When vitamin C was thought only to prevent scurvy, simple ascorbic acid was the only substance manufactured. With the discovery of benefits to be gained from taking larger doses of ascorbic acid came unpleasant intestinal side effects. Ascorbic acid is, obviously, acidic. When it reaches the alkaline environment of the lower intestinal tract, it can cause inflammation of the intestinal tissue, gas, diarrhea and discomfort. This acid rejection syndrome usually results from very large doses of vitamin C, and it can limit vitamin C’s absorption.
Buffering vitamin C with a mineral moderates this rejection. Combining calcium, magnesium or sodium with ascorbic acid helps to improve its delivery to the body while providing additional amounts of mineral nutrients.
Accentuating The Positive Effects Of Vitamin C
Dr Szent-Gyorgi made one other important observation when working with natural products with antiscorbutic properties. He found that there were synergistic substances in these foods that tended to potentiate the action of vitamin C. These substances, which were extracted from red pepper and lemons, were shown by later chemical analysis to be members of a class of compounds called flavonoids. When tested, they were found to decrease the breakage of small blood vessels, to prolong life in guinea pigs that had been deprived of vitamin C and to overcome small haemorrhages in human subjects who were vitamin C deficient10.
This group of substances was later called vitamin P, referring to their effect on preventing small vessel or capillary permeability. None of them was later shown to have a true vitamin effect, however, in that deficiencies of them in the diet did not lead to an overt or diagnosable deficiency disease, and the designation of vitamin P was dropped in 1950.
Since that time, these substances – citrin, quercetin, rutin, flavones, flavonoids and bioflavonoids have been termed flavonoids and have been found by a number of investigators, including Dr Z Zioch of Charles University in Czechoslovakia, to enhance the antiscorbutic activity of ascorbic acid11.
The term flavonoid is a generic term which refers to a large group of chemical compounds characterised by a C6C3C6 carbon skeleton where the C6 compounds are aromatic rings.
Bioflavonoids are a subgroup of flavonoids. The classification, structure, biosynthesis and distribution of the flavonoids has been extensively documented in recent years. Bioflavonoids are water soluble substances associated with coloured materials that often but not always appear in fruits and vegetable as companio
ns to vitamin C. Bioflavonoids were first found in the white covering of citrus fruit segments 12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20.
According to Zioch, when bioflavonoids are administered with Vitamin C, there is an increased uptake of the vitamin into the liver, kidney and adrenal glands, and protection of the vitamin C, by the bioflavonoids. Bioflavonoids seem to work as anti-oxidants – that is, preventing the destruction of C by its conversion to a less active form called dehydroascorbate. The anti-oxidant activity of bioflavonoids which protects vitamin C seems to result from their unique chemical structure; they act as reducing agents which are transported to the site where vitamin C is to be stored in the cell 11,12.
- Bland J. 1989. The Key to the Power of Vitamin C and its Metabolites, New Canaan, Connecticut, Keats Publishing.
- Terezhalmy GT et al. 1978. The Use of Water-Soluble Bioflavonoid- Ascorbic Acid Complex in the Treatment of Recurrent Herpes Labialis. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology January; 45(1):56-62.
- Anderson RA. 1987, Wellness Medicine, American Health Press, p262.
- Greene M. Wilson CWM. Effect of Aspirin on Ascorbic Acid Metabolism During Colds. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology; 2:369.
- Thomas WR, Holt RG, 1978. Vitamin C and Immunity; An assessment of the Evidence. Clinical Experimental Immunology, 32:370-379.
- Shi-Hsin L et al. Urinary Excretion of N-Nitrosamino Acid and Nitrate by inhabitants of High and Low Risk Areas for Esophageal Cancer in Northern China; Endogenous Formation of Nitrosoproline and its inhibition by Vitamin C. Cancer Research, 46:1485-1491.
- Ginter E et al. Effects of Ascorbic Acid on Plasma Cholesterol in Humans in Long-Term Experiment. InternationalJournal of Vitamin Nutrition Research; 47(2):123-34.
- Ginter E et al. Vitamin C in the control of Hypercholesterolaemia in Man. In vitamin C; New clinical Application in Immunology, Lipid metabolism and cancer; p137-152.
- Chope HD, Breslow L. Nutritional Status of the Aging, American Journal of Public Health; 46:6107.
- Armentuno P, Bentasath M, Beres B and Szent-Gyorgi A. 1936. Deutische Medizinische Wochen-Schrift; 62:1325.
- Zioch A. 1969. International Journal of Vitamin Research; 9:269.
- Vitamin P. British Medical Journal 1969 January; 235 -37.
- Hughes RE, Wilson HK. 1977. Flavonoids some physiological and nutritional considerations. In Progress in Medicinal Chemistry; vol 14 North-Holland Biomedical Press, 285-99.
- Fairbairn JW. 1959. The pharmacology of plant phenotics, London; Academic Press.
- Horowitz RM. 1961. The orange; its biochemistry and physiology, in Sinclair WB, ed, Berkeley, California.
- De Eds. F. 1968. In Florkin M, Stotz EH, eds. Comprehensive Biochemistry. Amsterdam; Elsevier. 127.
- Kefford JF, Chandler BV. 1970. The Chemical Constituents of Citrus Plants. New York; Academic Press.
- Harbourne JB, Mabry TJ, Mabry M. 1975. The Flavonoids. London; Chapman and Hall.
- Bland J. 1984. Bioflavonoids; The Friend and Helpers of Vitamin C in Many Hard-To-Treat Ailments. A good Health Guide. Connecticut; Keats Publishing.
- Scarborough S and Bacharach T. 1949. Vitamins and Hormones, 8:1.
Content coming soon.
Acne is a commonly experienced condition which affects the sebaceous (or oil) glands. A number of factors contribute to the development of acne. These include hormonal changes, diet, environmental factors, skin and hair care products used and certain vitamin deficiencies.
There is new evidence supporting the theory that acne has a genetic hereditary link. This theory is based on the knowledge of differentiating basal epidermal cells. These cells form the basement membrane between the epidermis and dermis and are continuous with the pilo sebaceous duct ( hair follicle with attached sebaceous gland).Under normal conditions these cells divide and are pushed up out of the duct to continue the usual process of differentiation and desquamation at the surface. In an acne patient there is a problem with the DNA of these epidermal cells which causes them to remain stuck on the inside of the duct, combining with sebum from the sebaceous gland and forming a small “plug.”
As the skin is subject to both internal and external influences, both must be addressed in any effective treatment programme. Skin needs support with adequate nutrition – for example vitamins A and E, zinc and the essential fatty acids EPA and DHA are all helpful. Consider a multi-vitamin / mineral with 400 – 800 IU of mixed tocopherols (vitamin E), and 30 – 90mg of zinc picolinate or citrate. Fish oil supplements (1 – 3 gms daily) will provide omega- 3 essential fatty acids, as will flaxseed oil. Acne sufferers are often deficient in certain vitamins and minerals, and supplementation along with dietary changes can help reduce acne. Zinc has an anti-inflammatory effect on acne lesions. Vitamin A reduces sebum production and the build up of keratin that contributes to the formation of acne. Vitamin E ensures proper functioning of Vitamin A and a deficiency of Vitamin E keeps levels of Vitamin A low despite supplementation. Therefore Vitamin A supplementation may be effective at a lower dose if combined with Vitamin E. Vitamin B5 is important in fat metabolism and supplementation decreases sebum production. Supplementation with selenium may be beneficial, as acne patients have low levels of glutathione peroxidase, a selenium containing enzyme that is important in detoxification.
Acne sufferers generally do not metabolise sugars properly. Refined carbohydrate or sugar intake correlates with an increase in active acne. Effective treatment for acne relies on approaching the problem from all angles. A change in diet is an easy and inexpensive way to help control or minimize acne. So start by reducing the amount of simple sugars and carbohydrates from your diet. This means limiting bread, rice and pasta (particularly white varieties: multigrains and wholemeal are better). Biscuits, cakes and sweets should be completely avoided.
The majority of acne that occurs after adolescence is caused by cosmetic and hair care products. Plastics and plant oils can plug pores, particularly the larger pores of the chin and around the nose. Acne is caused by anaerobic bacteria. These bacteria prefer to live in an environment where there is no oxygen. When pores are plugged, an oxygen-deprived environment is created, and those bacteria flourish causing pimples and cysts. Plant oils such as aloe, coconut oil and baby oil should be avoided. Conditioners, hair sprays and hair gels almost all contain plastics, which can block pores and cause breakouts. The ingredients to be aware of are PVP, CVP and any copolymer ingredient. Many waterproof and smudge-proof cosmetics and sunscreens also contain these plastics.
What Cosmetic Products Can Be Recommended?
Standard dandruff shampoos and conditioners that do not contain plastics. Avoid any product containing silicones which will clog pores and are often the cause of facial acne as well as acne on the back and arms. Use only water based make-ups. Avoid make-ups that are oil based as they will clog pores. Avoid all waterproof make-up as they use silicones.
Avoid hair sprays and gels. Most products bought from health food stores will not contain silicones. A bit of homework may be the answer to preventing acne, and costs nothing.
We recommend the Pola foundation for females, it is non comedogenic and covers redness very well without being heavy.
Can Skin Care Help Acne?
Medical grade skin care can help you eliminate or reduce acne. If we look at the skin, and what is actually causing the active lesions, we see that there are two problems contributing – blocked pores and an over production of sebum (oil).
Most acne sufferers are actually meticulous with their skin care and have tried everything to keep their skin clean to prevent this problem occurring . However, most skin preparations used for acne simply dry the skin excessively, causing flaking of the dead skin cells, which in turn blocks the pores. These blocked pores coupled with an over-production of oil in the skin, swell the sebaceous glands and produce an ideal location for bacteria to thrive.
Medical research has shown us that Alpha-hydroxy acids are extremely efficient at cleansing the skin of excess oils and also give the skin the ability to
let go of dead cells, thereby reducing pore blockages. Vitamin A creams have been used by acne sufferers for many years to reduce the production of sebum, and therefore reduce the active lesions and inflammation associated with acne. We recommend the Stieva-A brand of retinoic acid cream – a prescription strength vitamin A cream available in three different concentrations (as opposed to Retin-A, which is only available in one strength).
What Skin Care Will Suit Me?
Teenage acne is often very easily treated with alpha-hydroxy acids alone. The products that we recommend are medical grade, that is – they are sold to medical practitioners only. They work very effectively. We can recommend an alpha-hydroxy acid specific to your individual skin needs.
For more persistent or adult acne, the use of Stieva A is imperative.
What Else May Help?
Androgens (male sex hormones) increase sebum production and worsen acne. An anti- androgenic oral contraceptive pill, such as Diane 35, is often helpful in women whose acne resists topical skincare treatments. If necessary, we will advise you to see your general practitioner to organize this.
All natural molecules and compounds exist in “chiral” form.
Chiral is a Greek word meaning “handed” and is used to imply that these natural substances have two mirror-image forms, one being left-handed – called levo or “L”, and the other right-handed – known as dextro or “D” form.
Only one of these compounds , either levo or dextro, fits perfectly into skin cell receptors and so can be recognized and utilized by body. The other form has a negative effect, and is simply waste. Some say that the form not utilized by the body make contribute to free radical production and thus actually be harmful to the body.
Chirally correct products separate the two sides and utilize only the components of each ingredient which our body can utilize, and are maximally beneficial to the skin. This process is an expensive one and so very few companies choose Chirally correct ingredients.
Chirally correct products should be used sparingly. A chirally correct skin care product will be half the size of the same product that is not chiral. Thus you need to use half as much.
Products That Are Chirally Correct
The Cosmedix range of products are based on chirality. No other skin care range has, at this stage embraced chirality so completely. In the future all skin care products will have to be chiral.
Why We Have Chosen the Cosmedix Range of Products
We have always strived to offer our clients the very best in skin care products, and after much research we have decided to include the Cosmedix range of products. Not only are these products chirally correct, but they are free of any substances that may be harmful eg sodium lauryl sulphate, parabens, emulsifiers etc. More and more, people are becoming aware of the many chemicals and toxins that we subject ourselves to daily. Why would we choose skin care products that may be harmful?
The Cosmedix range has also included some very sophisticated anti-oxidants in their range of products. This range is “physician only” which means it can only be sold by doctors through a medical practice. For more information on the Cosmedix range of products or a more thorough explanation of chirality, please take advantage of our free consultation service with our highly experienced Skin Specialists.
Most of us are well aware that unprotected exposure to UV radiation can cause premature aging, pigmentation problems, broken capillaries and skin cancers. This is due to the massive free radical cascade that results from continuous radiation exposure causing DNA damage to healthy cells.
So what can we do to afford that best possible protection from the sun this summer?
Quite obviously sunscreens are a necessary part of your daily skin care routine, but are all sunscreens really doing the job of protecting your skin? The answer is yes and no, depending on the active ingredient in the product.
Chemical sunscreens such as Octyl Methoxycinnamate are designed to absorb UVB rays but not UVA (deeper penetrating -destroying collagen and elastin). Two hours after applying a chemical sunscreen, UVB protection has ceased as the chemical has been absorbed by the skin. Reapplication is necessary at this time, but who does this vigilantly, especially through a normal work day?
Physical sunscreens such as micro fine Titanium Dioxide or Zinc Oxide are a far safer option because of their reflective nature. When applied to the skin’s surface, the micro fine particles act like tiny mirrors, reflecting both UVA and UVB rays away from the surface of the skin. They cannot be absorbed and they stay on the surface until washed off or rubbed off.
The finer the titanium and/or zinc is “microfined” the less “whiteout” occurs on application, so there is cosmetic appeal and more chance of complying to use the product on a daily basis. The finer the zinc or titanium in a product will increase the cost of the product to you. That’s why the products sold in big department stores, supermarkets and pharmacies tend to leave that white appearance on the skin.
The products that we recommend at Vie are all very high SPF and the minerals are finer, avoiding the “white sunscreen look”.
Now that the Australian TGA has changed its legislation, and SPF 50 products are allowed on the market. How will that change the products that we recommend? TGA still rates mineral sunscreens at a maximum SPF 15 as comprehensive studies have not been performed. The changes will occur to chemical sunscreen products.
Always read the label and if your preferred sunscreen has a chemical absorber as its active ingredient, make sure it is 50 SPF and that there is also a mineral component to give the best possible protection for the life and health of your skin.
Remember, we are all undergoing the natural process of chronological ageing, but who wants to speed this up by adding photo ageing to the mix? Think-protection with reflection and …….enjoy the skin you live in!
Want to know more about protecting and treating your skin? Book in for a free skin consultation, free skin peel and analysis with our trained skin specialist. Call 18000 80001 for an appointment.
1) Excessive exposure to UVB rays causes classic sunburn as UVB rays penetrate past the skin’s epidermal basement membrane. UVB rays cause basal cell carcinomas, melanomas and possibly squamous cell carcinoma.
Current statistics indicate that 81% of all cancers diagnosed per year in Australia are skin cancers. Each year, over 374,000 Australians are diagnosed with non-melanoma skin cancer (BCC and SCC) and 8,800 Australians are diagnosed with Malignant Melanoma.
2) A significant amount of UVB is screened out by the ozone layer, which is itself diminishing. Ultraviolet ray intensity in sunlight is thus increasing over time.
3) There are 20 times more UVA rays than UVB in sunlight hitting the earth .Excessive exposure to UVA rays causes DNA damage to important skin cells in the deeper layer of skin, the dermis. Collagen fibres are damaged and there is an overproduction of abnormal elastin fibres leading to small pockets of yellow elastic tissue observable under the skin and commonly referred to as Solar Elastosis.
4) UVA can penetrate window glass and its power is unchanged throughout the day, season or altitude, unlike UVB radiation.
5) Water resistance is defined by the TGA as maintenance of the label SPF or Sun Protection Factor, after 40 mins of immersion in FRESH water consisting of two 20 minute periods of activity in water separated by a 20 minute rest period during which the skin is allowed to AIR dry rather than using a towel. These guidelines obviously do not reflect usual public behaviour! Re-application after swimming is a must!
6) To cover an average size 1.73m square surface area of adult skin requires 35 ml of sunscreen for proper SPF related protection. A shot glass (standard 30ml) can be used as a mental measuring tool. Any dose below this standard will not provide the advertised protection. Efficacy of sunscreen is highly dependant upon correct dosage and application.
7) An SPF 15 blocks out 93% of UVB (burning) rays (i.e. fourteen fifteenths)
An SPF 45 blocks out 98% of UVB rays
An SPF 100 blocks 99% of UVB rays.
8) UVB exposure depletes the skin of many important antioxidants, including Vitamin C.
Even minimum exposure to UVA rays decrease levels of Vitamin C in the skin by 70%! The skin’s antioxidants are very important in avoiding sunburn. Sunburn is, in fact, an inflammatory response to the free radical formation caused by UV rays. Increasing the skins levels of antioxidants is an excellent means of reducing actinic (sun) damage.
Sunscreens prevent only 55% of the free radicals produced by sun exposure. Topically applied L-Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C) has been shown to reduce UVB induced erythema (i.e. sunburn) in the skin by a further 52%. Antioxidants must be applied to the skin BEFORE UV exposure to benefit from their photo-protective qualities. They act like a sponge to mop up free radicals before they damage healthy cells. Vitamin C creams also help to increase collagen and elastin secretion in the skin, and have been clinically proven to reduce lines and wrinkles. There are many reasons to include Vitamin C in your skin care routine.
9) Physical sunscreens (Titanium Dioxide and Zinc Oxide) reflect, deflect and absorb ALL UV rays.
10) Chemical sunscreens absorb all UVB rays but only some UVA (ageing) rays.
11) Chemical sunscreens DO NOT work after 1- 2 hours on the skin. They are absorbed into the dermis and taken away by the bloodstream to the liver where they are broken down and then excreted via the kidneys.
12) UVA rays can cause skin damage and tanning without burning.
People who use high SPF sunscreens that prevent burning may in fact stay in the sun for longer periods under the illusion that they are well protected from all the sun’s rays. This may lead to unnoticed damage via UVA rays. This may be a possible cause of the increased incidence of UVA induced skin cancers.
13) UVA rays damage and deplete our skin reserves of Langerhans cells, those responsible for skin immune function. This leaves our skin more prone to damage by free radicals and invading pathogens.
14) There is currently no standardised way to measure degrees of UVA protection.
15) Chemical sunscreens labelled “broad spectrum” are formulated with chemical screening ingredients which are able to absorb up to 90% UVA and up to 99% UVB rays.
The extent of protection from UV damage is only to light wavelengths up to 360nm. UVA rays, in fact, include wavelengths up to 400nm.Therefore even broad spectrum chemical sunscreens are still not 100% effective in their degree of UVA protection. Physical sunscreens offer greater UVA protection but are also not 100% effective.
16) Common chemical sunscreen ingredients include:
Octyl methoxycinnamate (260-313nm, absorbency range-NO UVA screening)
Oxybenzone (270-350nm-MINIMUM UVA screening)
Avobenzone (310-400nm-FULL UVA screening)
17) Common physical sunscreen ingredients include:
Zinc Oxide (250-380nm)
Titanium Dioxide (250-400nm)
Moral of this story:
a) Talk to us about your sun protection and skin care
b) Slip, slop, slap, wear sunglasses and find some shade!
c) No amount of sun protection will avoid sun damage. Your skincare programme will need to incorporate Retinoid (Vitamin A) creams that have been shown to reverse accumulated sun damage.
d) Sunscreens are not all as protecting as they seem.
e) Choose a sunscreen that is labelled “Broad Spectrum” AND has a percentage of physical sunscreen such as Titanium Dioxide and/or Zinc Oxide. That way you can be confident that both UVA and UVB rays are being screened out.
f) Use this sunscreen EVERY day, even if you work in an office. Remember, UVA rays penetrate glass. You may want to purchase one for your face that is less oily in consistency so that you will be diligent in using it.
g) Never rely on sunscreen alone to do the job! Hats, sunglasses and protective clothing as well as shade are a must if you want to be serious about protecting yourself from premature ageing as well as skin cancers. If you ARE going to venture out in the sun, the use of an invisible zinc product on your face is highly recommended
h) 90% of required Vitamin D is synthesized in the skin from UV exposure. Limited UV exposure to hands, arms and face 2-3 times per week will provide the necessary exposure to produce adequate amounts of Vitamin D .Unless you live in a cave, your normal day to day activities will suffice!
i) Malignant Melanoma’s are statistically more common on women’s legs and men’s torso’s.
So men, cover up! And women, sunscreen your legs every day as well as your face!
j) Moisturisers and foundations with SPF ratings are NOT a good indicator of protection.
They commonly have chemical absorbers as their active ingredient and are therefore ineffective after 1-2 hours! Use ones with physical sunscreens instead.
k) Use a mineral make up as your foundation of choice as they provide the benefit of Titanium Dioxide in their formulations, giving an added protection of 20-90 SPF, depending on product and application. We recommend Pola as our mineral make up of choice.
l) We can’t stop extrinsic chronological ageing, yes the clock keeps ticking!
However, we can minimise the photo ageing which every one on the Sunshine Coast will suffer from. Daily use of appropriate sunscreens will help to prevent photoageing as will medical grade skin care programmes.
m) Believe it or not, you will actually tan when wearing sunscreens! Good news for those who insist on wanting a tan, however all tanning of the skin is damaging. There is no such thing as a “healthy” tan.
For more than a decade we used and recommended Pola Southern Call Two Way Protect, but this unfortunately has been discontinued. We continue to get requests for the Pola make-up as it really was superior. We have trialled many make-ups to replace this and to date the Synergie range has been the closest we have found to the coverage that Pola Southern Call gave.
Like Pola, Synergie is a mineral make up which works like a second skin, giving you a naturally flawless make up coverage while allowing your skin to feel like you’re not wearing anything at all! Synergie Mineral make up is free from chemicals and also provides your skin with superior protection from UV damage by using the physical reflection properties of zinc oxide and antioxidants. Perfect for people wanting a sheer natural coverage for day to day wear, or layer it up for a photo shoot ready look!
Of course mineral make-up does not take the place of a sunscreen, rather it is another layer in our defense against the sun’s harmful, and ageing rays.
If you would like to trial the Synergie range of mineral make-ep, call us on our free-call number to make an appointment for a free consultation, colour match, and makeup advice. Our resident beauty therapist, is happy to show you which products will suit you best.
Everyone wants to look better, so what better idea for a Christmas gift than a Vie Institute Gift Certificate!
It’s so simple- just call us on our free-call number 18000 80001, or email us and we’ll send a beautiful certificate to you for that special someone.
What do you get the person that has everything. It is so difficult buying gifts these days as everyone has what they want (that is within a reasonable price of course!).
We all, on the other hand love to be pampered and has a list of things that they would like to do to enhance their appearance. Our Vie Institute Gift Vouchers are the perfect gift! You simply nominate how much money you would like to spend and your guest can decide what they would like to spend that on. Alternately if you know that your friend or loved one is really wanting, for instance – hair removal. We can create a Gift Certificate for you for laser hair removal, and your friend/loved one need not know the exact amount of the Gift Voucher.
We are happy to tailor Gift Certificates to your particular requirements, just ask us!
- List of Treatments and Services available on Gift Certificate at Vie Institute:
- Wrinkle removal treatments – eyes, frown, lip, cheeks, neck
- Treatment for excessive sweating
- Deep line removal
- Lip enhancement and rejuvenation
- Correction of lip asymmetry
- Restoring facial contours – cheeks, chins
- Remove dark circles, rejuvenate the eye areas
- Anti-ageing injections and treatments
- Removal of pigmentation from face and body
- Medical grade skin care to reverse and prevent sun damaged skin
- Medical grade skin peels
- Relaxing anti-oxidant massage
- Laser hair removal that works!
- Nutritional supplementation for health and longevity
NB Surgical procedures cannot be given away. Government regulations prevent this.